Experts estimate that there are up to 30 million species of
insects on the planet, and some 200 million insects for every living person.
It’s no wonder that identifying garden pests can be tricky. Nobody is going to
learn the names and characteristics of each and every bug out there, but that
doesn’t mean you can’t figure out who’s eating the leaves of your prized
plants. Read on for information on several methods you can use to identify
Bug Identification Guide
Garden pest ID is important. It helps you distinguish
bugs and bug pests in order to encourage the former and discourage the
latter. It also allows you to tailor necessary pest control to the particular
bugs involved. Now how to identify pests…
One day there very well may be a “bug identification guide”
app for your phone that will tell you the name of an insect just by taking a
photo of it. As of today, how to identify pests in the garden is usually done
with descriptions of the bug, damage done, and the type of plant injured.
What Bug is This – Identifying Garden Pests You Spot
As a gardener, you undoubtedly spend time tending your
plants, so you are likely the first to notice pest damage. You might see
insects on a plant, or you might just notice that your lemon
tree leaves have been attacked and your rose
buds eaten. Any type of information like this can help you with garden pest
identification. If you actually spot the bugs, you can search for their primary
When you spot pests on plants, look carefully. Note the
size, color, and body shape. Are they flying insects, do they crawl, or remain
stationary? Do they have any distinguishing markings or unusual features? Is
there one alone or a large grouping of them?
The more details you have about the bug, the greater the
odds that you can identify it with an online search. You can also take the
information to your local
cooperative extension or garden store for help.
How to Identify Bugs by Damage
You may wonder how to identify bugs in the garden if you
don’t actually see them. If you know they are present by discovering the damage
they have done, you have enough to work with. The question then changes from
“what bug is this?” to “what bug causes this type of damage?”
Insects usually damage plants either by sucking or chewing.
Sap feeding pests insert slender, needle-like mouthparts into the leaves or
stems of plants and suck out the sap inside. You are likely to see browning or
wilting, or else a sticky substance called honeydew
on the foliage.
If the leaves are spotted instead, you likely have pests
that are mesophyll feeders, sucking out individual plant cells of leaves and
stems. Another type of damage you might notice are plants
with holes chewed in the leaves, trunks, or branches.
You can begin identifying garden pests by searching for
whatever type of damage was caused. You can also search for pests of the
particular plant affected. Any of these searches should help you figure out
what insect pests are active in your garden.
“What Bug Is This – Basic Tips On Identifying Garden Pests” was first posted here