Do you love the idea of picking sweet, ripe tomatoes fresh from the vine but aren’t sure how to begin?
What Are Cherry Tomatoes?
var. , are thought to be the direct descendants of – the wild ancestor of today’s domesticated varieties.
It sounds like an oxymoron, but heirloom hybrids are a new breed of tomato created by crossing two heirloom varieties, or an heirloom with a modern hybrid cultivar.
They’re bred for qualities such as best color, flavor, shape, and texture as well as disease resistance, early fruiting, and vigor – often using only heirloom parents.
purchased at Burpee.
Seeds or Seedlings?
To grow your plants from seed, they need to be started indoors approximately six weeks before your last frost date (LFD).
Transplanting them outdoors usually happens about six weeks your last frost date, or when the plants are around 12 weeks old.
You’ll need to collect your own seed from heirloom plants (seeds from hybrids won’t be true to the parents) or purchase seeds. Seeds can be purchased from your local nursery, online sources, and seed catalogs, which usually arrive in January.
And if you’re new to starting your own, our guide on how to grow tomatoes from seed has detailed instructions in six easy steps.
Alternatively, you can wait until spring arrives and purchase seedlings from your local nursery or garden shop.
Once your seedlings have been hardened off and are ready for the great outdoors, it’s time to gather up your planting gear.
And don’t be fooled by the size of the fruit – these plants are vigorous and can grow large and bushy.
Unless you’ve chosen dwarf or patio varieties, the fruit-laden branches can be heavy and require support in the form of cages or stakes.
This helps to keep fruit off the ground and prevents branches from breaking under the weight – even with determinate varieties.
Cages come in different sizes and shapes and need to be sturdy enough not to buckle under a large plant, like this set of five galvanized hoop cages available at Wayfair.
For reference, here’s a list of everything you’ll need to get growing:
- Cherry or grape tomato plants
- Depending on the variety, cages or stakes are needed for support along with plant clips, twine, or velcro ties
- If planting in containers, they need to be at least 5 gallons in size and have drainage holes (a pot 12 inches in diameter and 12 inches tall holds approximately 5 gallons)
- Bone meal to add to the planting hole for strong root growth
- Potting soil mix if planting in containers
- Plant food (use a balanced, all-purpose blend or an 18-18-21 NPK formula for )
For more detailed information on planting or container cultivation, be sure to check our grow and care guide for tomatoes.
Cherry tomatoes are typically robust and easy to cultivate, but there are a few things you can do to assist with a bountiful harvest:
- Plants are happiest in soil that’s well-draining with a pH level of 6.2 to 6.5.
- They also require a full sunlight location – a minimum of six hours per day.
- Refrain from planting until the chance of frost is past. Use a cloche or plant cover to protect new seedlings if adverse weather sets in (i.e. cold, wet, and windy conditions).
- Be sure to leave ample room between planting holes – the fruit may be small, but the plants can grow big and bushy.
- Set your cages or stakes in place when planting to avoid disturbing the roots later.
- If you’re growing container plants on a balcony, tie the stems to the railing to eliminate the need for cages or stakes.
- When planting, pluck the lowest stems and shoots from the main stalk. Then bury the plant close to the lowest remaining set of leaves, one to two inches away. The buried, stripped stalk will produce more roots for stronger growth.
- To prevent future problems like blossom end rot, mix a small handful of lime or Epsom salts into the planting hole. Both increase magnesium, which can be blocked by high levels of calcium and potassium in the soil.
- Pinch out suckers as they appear, to redirect energy into fruit production. These are the small branches that appear in the “V” formed between the main stalk and branches.
- After flowers appear, feed plants growing in the ground biweekly with a balanced fertilizer or a tomato formula of 18-18-21.
- Container plants require more frequent fertilizing and may need to be fed weekly. If so, use a diluted, half-strength formula to compensate for the increased frequency of application.
- Plants perform best with a deep weekly watering rather than frequent light watering.
- If space is an issue, look for dwarf or patio varieties. These are determinate plants bred for compact growth. For details on the differences, read our guide to learn more about determinate and indeterminate varieties.
Harvest when the fruits have changed to their expected color. This can be from 6 to 10 weeks after pollination, depending on the weather and the varieties you’ve chosen.
Pick ripe fruit every day or two to encourage a continuous bloom set and greater production.
Varieties to Select
For ideas on what varieties would best suit your needs, check our review of 17 of the best cherry tomatoes.
In the meantime, here are a few suggestions to get you started:
A compact hybrid variety, ‘Baby Boomer’ delivers a big payload with yields of over 300 red, 1-inch fruits per plant, produced all summer long and right until first frost.
Fruits mature in 50 to 55 days on determinate plants that reach 20 to 25 inches.
Pick up seeds or three-packs of plants at Burpee.
‘Black Cherry’ is an heirloom with a rich heritage that shows in its complex, sweet flavor and firm texture.
The one-inch fruits ripen to a deep, dark mahogany brown, and stems are laden throughout the hot summer months.
Indeterminate plants grow to 60 inches and fruit matures in 64 days. This variety is naturally disease resistant.
You can purchase seeds at Eden Brothers.
Perhaps the most popular cherry tomato, ‘Sungold’ is a highly prolific vine with large clusters of tangerine-orange fruits.
Delicious fresh off the vine, on the grill, and in salads. An indeterminate plant, fruits ripen in 57 days and vines grow 48 to 60 inches.
Seeds can be purchased at True Leaf Market.
Recipes and Cooking Ideas
Don’t panic when these prolific plants deliver a bumper crop!
Instead, let your homegrown harvest shine. Tossed into salads or made into salsa or a fresh marinara, used as a tasty topping for homemade pizza, or cooked down into preserves, sweet and summery cherry tomatoes are one of the most delicious rewards of the summer garden.
Try this corn and cream cheese dip with cherry tomatoes from our sister site, Foodal, for a tasty appetizer.
Roasted cherry tomatoes with shrimp and feta, also from Foodal, make a tasty entree option.
Or, if you’re not in the mood for seafood, give these chicken cutlets with tomatoes a whirl on a busy weeknight, also from Foodal.
Delicious, Bite-Sized Gems
Prolific, hardy, and reliable, cherry tomatoes are an easy and fulfilling introduction to growing your own .
more tomato knowledge, add these growing guides to your reading list:
A writer, artist, and entrepreneur, Lorna is also a long-time gardener who got hooked on organic and natural gardening methods at an early age. These days, her vegetable garden is smaller to make room for decorative landscapes filled with color, fragrance, art, and hidden treasures. Cultivating and designing the ideal garden spot is one of her favorite activities – especially for gathering with family and friends for good times and good food (straight from the garden, of course)!