How to Propagate Angelica

How to Propagate Angelica

is a striking biennial herb that I absolutely love. Tall, upright stems with bright green foliage, and fragrant flower heads blooming in midsummer add texture and interest to the garden.

A close up vertical picture of a large Angelica archangelica flower head before it is setting seed, the white flowers contrasting with the light purple stems, pictured on a soft focus background. To the top and bottom of the frame is green and white text.USDA Hardiness Zones 4-9, in cooler areas, it can take up to 4 years to mature and set seed.

To get started, you can propagate angelica from fresh or dried seed, by planting transplants, or by dividing existing plants. Stem cuttings do not root successfully.

Here’s what I’ll cover:

Ways to Propagate Angelica

No matter which method you use, you will need to find a sunny site in your garden, and prepare a bed with rich, moist soil, mixing in some organic compost or manure.

A close up of a flower head pictured from below, in bright sunshine on a blue sky background.information about how to grow angelica.

Fresh Seed

If you happen to have access to an established plant, starting from fresh seed is certainly the best option.

A close up of an umbel flower head pictured in bright sunshine on a dark soft focus background.Dried Seed

If you don’t have access to fresh seeds you can still grow angelica from dried seed, it just takes a bit more preparation and the germination rates will likely be lower.

A close up of dried seeds on the top of a flower head ready for collection, pictured on a soft focus background.From Seedlings or Transplants

You can also start fresh or dried seeds indoors and transplant the young seedlings into the garden. You want to plan to transplant your seedlings in spring.

A close up of the foliage of an angelica plant growing in a black plastic container on a soft focus background.By Division

If you are planning to harvest the root for medicinal use, I wouldn’t recommend propagating by division to allow roots to grow unimpeded through two seasons and become as large as possible.

A close up of flower heads drying and setting seed in the garden pictured on a soft focus background.

For more information about this technique see our guide to dividing perennials.

All You Need is One!

Though it may take a bit of effort to get started, the good news is that once you have one – or two – established plants, they will take over most of the work for you, by self-seeding.

A large patch of Angelica archangelica with purple stems and bright green umbels growing in the garden with trees in the background.growing medicinal herbs in your garden, check out these articles next:

Heather Buckner

Heather Buckner hails from amongst the glistening lakes of Minnesota, and now lives with her family on a beautiful homestead in the Vermont Mountains. She holds a bachelor of science degree in environmental science from Tufts University, and has traveled and worked in many roles in conservation and environmental advocacy, including creating and managing programs based around resource conservation, organic gardening, food security, and building leadership skills. Heather is a certified permaculture designer and student herbalist. She is also a fanatical gardener, and enjoys spending as much time covered in dirt as possible!

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